The Influence of Etteilla &
His School on Mathers & Waite
By James W. Revak
APPENDIX C CORRESPONDENCES BETWEEN THE TRUMPS OF ETTEILLAS TAROT & THOSE OF THE TAROT DE MARSEILLE
Table 14 details sets of correspondences suggested by: (a) Papus (1909) and (b) Kaplan (p. 140, 1978) and Decker, Depaulis & Dummett (Table 2, p. 86, 1996). Disagreements between the two, which are highlighted in red, are relatively few.
Between the Trumps of the Tarot de Marseille &
|Tarot de Marseille(a)||Etteillas Tarot(b,c)|
Depaulis & Dummett;
Mountebank [Le Bataleur]
|15||Illness, Illness||15||Illness, Illness|
|II||The Papess||8||Etteilla, Female Querent||8||Etteilla, Female Querent|
|III||The Empress||6||Night, Day||6||Night, Day|
|IIII||The Emperor||7||Support, Protection||7||Support, Protection|
|V||The Pope||13||Marriage, Union||1||Etteilla, Male Querent|
|VI||The Lovers||None||13||Marriage, Union|
|VII||The Chariot||21||Dissension, Dissension||21||Dissension, Dissension|
|VIII||Justice||9||Justice, Jurist||9||Justice, Jurist|
|IX||The Hermit||18||Traitor, Traitor||18||Traitor, Traitor|
|X||Wheel of Fortune||20||Fortune, Increase||20||Fortune, Increase|
|XI||Strength||11||Strength, Sovereign||11||Strength, Sovereign|
|XII||The Hanged Man||12||Prudence, The People||12||Prudence, The People|
(but commonly called
|17||Mortality, Nothingness||17||Mortality, Nothingness|
|XIIII||Temperance||10||Temperance, Priest||10||Temperance, Priest|
|XV||The Devil||14||Great Force, Great Force||14||Great Force, Great Force|
|XVI||The House of God||19||Misery, Prison||19||Misery Prison|
|XVII||The Star||4||Desolation, Air||4||Desolation, Air|
|XVIII||The Moon||3||Comments, Water||3||Comments, Water|
|XVIIII||The Sun||2||Enlightenment, Fire||2||Enlightenment, Fire|
|XX||Judgment||16||Judgment, Judgment||16||Judgment, Judgment|
|XXI||The World||5||Voyage, Earth||5||Voyage, Earth|
|None||1||Etteilla, Male Querent||Does not apply|
Red indicates disagreement between correspondences suggested by Papus and those suggested by Decker, Depaulis & Dummett; Kaplan.
(a) From Conver (1761/n.d.).
(b) Etteillas original Tarot deck was reconstructed by the author from Decker, Depaulis, Dummett (1996); Etteilla (c. 1785/c. 1975); and Silvestre-Haéberlé (1996).
(c) Two titles appear for each card: the first is for the upright orientation; the second, for the reversed orientation. Occasionally both orientations carry identical titles.
(d) From Papus (1909).
(e) From Decker, Depaulis & Dummett (Table 2, p. 86, 1996); Kaplan (p. 140, 1978).
The author chose to use Papus set as his authority because it may better reflect the attitudes of esotericists of the late eighteenth and early twentieth centuries, when Mathers wrote The Tarot (1888/1993); and Waite, PKT (1910). For example, a quick comparison of the DMs of affected Trumps will quickly reveal to the reasonable person that Waite was probably using Papus correspondences. Let us compare the SEs DMs for the ET Trump titled Marriage [Marriage] with Mathers and Waites DMs for the Hierophant (Pope), which is the correspondence suggested by Papus.
The School of Etteilla (Papus, 1909):
This card signifies, with regard to medicine of the mind [i.e. DOdoucets Science des signes, ou médecine de lesprit (Science of signs, or medicine of the mind )], Union, Joining, Assembling, Bond, Alliance, Chain, Slavery, Financial Straits, Captivity, Servitude.
Society, Contacts, Alloy, Blending, Compounding.Peace, Concord, Accord,
Harmony, Correct [Good] Understanding. (p. 118).
Mathers (The Tarot, 1888/1993):
5. The Hierophant, or Pope
Mercy, Beneficence, Kindness, Goodness.
Reversed: Over-kindness, Weakness, Foolish exercise of generosity. (p. 25).
Waite (PKT, 1910):
The Hierophant.Marriage, alliance, captivity, servitude; by another account, mercy and goodness; inspiration; the man to whom the Querent has recourse. Reversed: Society, good understanding, concord, over-kindness, weakness. (p. 284).
A reasonable person will quickly note an absence of parallels between the SE and Mathers but will note significant parallels between the SE and Waite.
Now, let us compare Mathers and Waites DMs for the Hierophant (above) to the SEs DMs for the ET Le Consultant [The Male Querent (Consultant)] Trump, which is the correspondence suggested by Decker, Depaulis, & Dummett (1996) and Kaplan (1978).
The School of Etteilla (Papus, 1909):
THE MALE QUERENT [CONSULTANT]
God, Supreme Being; Central Spirit, Chaos.Meditation,
Reflection, Mental Process.
The Universe.Physical Man or The Male. The Male Querent [Consultant]. (pp. 112-113)
A reasonable person will note that the absence of parallels between (a) the SE and (b) Mathers and Waite. Therefore, one concludes that, although Mathers may not have used either set of correspondences, Waite apparently used those of Papus. This study, therefore, used those of Papus.
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